Fracture Care

Fracture Care Specialist
Bone fractures are often -- but not always -- reveal themselves in a physical exam or X-ray. When wrist, hip, and stress fractures are harder to find, you’ll appreciate the experience of Dr. Katzman, in Anaheim, California. As an orthopedic surgeon with over 30 years in practice, Dr. Katzman offers the finest in fracture care, whether it’s simple or complex. Call or click to make an appointment when you’re dealing with broken bones.

Fracture Care Q & A

What is a fracture?

Bone fractures result from physical force exceeding the strength of the bone. Fractures are also common in childhood, but these are usually not as complex as adult fractures, where the increasing brittleness of bones as you age often results in more complications.

There are many types of fracture, but generally, a broken bone falls into one (or more) of four categories. These are:

  • Non-displaced -- a bone that’s broken but maintains its pre-fracture alignment
  • Displaced -- a fracture where the bone is no longer aligned normally
  • Closed -- a break with no accompanying skin puncture
  • Open -- the bone breaks through the skin, increasing the risk of deep bone infection

What are some other types of fractures?

There are some fracture subtypes that only apply to children since their bones have some unique properties. These subtypes include:

  • Buckle fractures -- resulting from two bones pressed together in an irregular way
  • Greenstick fractures -- partial fractures that include bending of the bone, the way some pieces of green wood behave when bent
  • Growth plate fractures -- involving parts of the bone where growth occurs, which may result in interrupted growth

Fracture subtypes that affect both children and adults include:

  • Comminuted fractures -- when a bone breaks into multiple pieces
  • Oblique fractures -- breaks occurring on an angle to the axis of a bone
  • Transverse fractures -- breaks that are perpendicular to the axis of a bone
  • Stress fractures -- small cracks in bones that are typically non-displaced
  • Pathological fractures -- breaks resulting from a disease that weakens a bone, such as osteoporosis

How are fractures treated?

Some fractures require emergency treatment. This is the case if you’re suffering any of these conditions:

  • Breaks of the spine, whether in the back or the neck
  • Breaks of the hip
  • Open fractures

In these cases, the best result is not to move and have someone place a 9-1-1 call for assistance.

For other severe fractures, immediate treatment at an urgent care facility is the best short-term option for treatment. After first-aid is administered, then the condition of the fracture can be assessed from a long-term point of view. Bones must be set in a process called reduction. When surgery isn’t required, and the fracture is closed, casts, splints, or other devices immobilize the area around the fracture, called closed reduction. When a fracture requires surgery, including pins, plates, screws, or rods to make repairs, it’s called open reduction.

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