Bone fractures result from physical force exceeding the strength of the bone. Fractures are also common in childhood, but these are usually not as complex as adult fractures, where the increasing brittleness of bones as you age often results in more complications.
There are many types of fracture, but generally, a broken bone falls into one (or more) of four categories. These are:
There are some fracture subtypes that only apply to children since their bones have some unique properties. These subtypes include:
Fracture subtypes that affect both children and adults include:
Some fractures require emergency treatment. This is the case if you’re suffering any of these conditions:
In these cases, the best result is not to move and have someone place a 9-1-1 call for assistance.
For other severe fractures, immediate treatment at an urgent care facility is the best short-term option for treatment. After first-aid is administered, then the condition of the fracture can be assessed from a long-term point of view. Bones must be set in a process called reduction. When surgery isn’t required, and the fracture is closed, casts, splints, or other devices immobilize the area around the fracture, called closed reduction. When a fracture requires surgery, including pins, plates, screws, or rods to make repairs, it’s called open reduction.
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